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Hot / Cold Plates, Instec (USA)

Thermal plate system은 일상적인 연구실 벤치 탑 실험뿐만 아니라 프로빙과 특성분석에 필수적입니다. INSTEC은 수십 년에 걸친 온도 컨트롤  전문 지식을 업계 최고의 thermal plate에 집약시켰습니다. 플레이트는 20mm ~ 300mm 정사각형 표준 샘플링 면적으로 제작됩니다.  600mm 이상의 크기도 커스터마이즈 가능합니다. -190ºC ~ 600ºC  (필요 시 최대 1500ºC)의 온도 컨트롤은 ± 0.1ºC 의 온도 분포도와 안정성을 제공합니다. 플레이트는 AFM 및 여러 스캐닝 프로브에 잘 어울립니다. Defrost, gas purge, 또는 vacuum 기능이 있는 씰드 챔버로 전환이 가능한 선택적 커버로 플레이트의 제작이 가능합니다. 

 

BENCHTOP THERMAL PLATES

TP 102 / 104 / 106 / 108 / 10C SG Series

Square Hot and Cold Plates with  Gas Tight Covers

Square Hot and Cold Plates without Cover

Benchtop workhorses for all purpose laboratory use

Benchtop workhorses for all-purpose laboratory thermal control

Benchtop workhorses for thermal control in any application

Precision temperature control from -30°C ~ 120°C (Cooling down to -30°C without using LN2)

Precision temperature control -190°C ~ 600°C depending on model

-190°C ~ 600°C depending on model

Standard square plates from 40 mm to 300 mm

Standard square plates from 50 mm to 300 mm

Standard square plates from 50 mm to 300 mm

Optional frames with sealed covers for gas purging or vacuum capability

Frames with sealed covers for gas purging ( vacuum optional )

Frameless design integrates in narrow spaces

Removable handles and electrical feedthrough options

Removable handles and electrical feedthrough options

 

Bench mounting capability

 

 

 

COMPACT THERMAL PLATES

 

HP1200G

HP1500G

TP102SG

HCP621G

HCP421V

HCP622G

High temperature microscopy & spectroscopy plate

High temperature microscopy & spectroscopy stage

Thermoelectric cooling stage enables cooling without use of liquid nitrogen

Best-selling do-it-all tool for microscopy and spectroscopy in a compact design that integrates with all instruments

Compact reflection stage for microscopy & spectroscopy

Compact microscopy and spectroscopy stage

30°C ~1200°C

30°C ~ 1500°C

-40°C ~ 120°C 

-190°C ~ 600°C with liquid nitrogen cooling option

-190°C ~ 400°C with liquid nitrogen cooling option

-190°C ~ 600°C with liquid nitrogen cooling option

Φ12 mm sample area

8 mm diameter sample area

40 mm x 40 mm

28 mm × 30 mm sample area

28 mm × 30 mm sample area

35mm × 35mm sample area

Gas-tight chamber *Vacuum-tight model available (HP1200V)

Rotating sample observation window

Gas-tight chamber *Vacuum-tight model available (TP102SV)

Sealed chamber with gas purging capability

Sealed vacuum-tight chamber

Sealed gas-tight chamber

 

SPECIALTY THERMAL PLATES


 


 


 


 


 

HCP421V-ELP

HCP621G-ELP

HCP600G-CAP

HP1100XR - 1100°C

TP102LC4

Compact plate for Ellipsometry applications

Compact plate for Ellipsometry applications

Compact Hot/Cold Plate for capillary tube applications 

HOT PLATE FOR X-RAY REFLECTION

Temperature-controlled Automatic Liquid Crystal Testing (ALCT) measurements. 

70° incident & emergent light angles

70° incident & emergent light angles

Manipulate capillary tube while maintaining chamber atmosphere

φ360° azimuth angle

For use with Instec’s S-type and SG-type LC cells

-190°C to 400°C with liquid nitrogen cooling option

-190°C to 600°C with liquid nitrogen cooling option

-190°C ~ 600°C

1100°C high temperature

-30°C ~ 90°C

28 mm × 30 mm sample area

28 mm × 30 mm sample area

28 mm × 30 mm sample area

Sample size 15 x 15mm

 

Vacuum-tight chamber

Gas-tight chamber

Gas-tight chamber

Graphite dome cover

 

 

STAGE FEATURES

THERMAL BLOCK

  • The heart of all electrical probe systems, stages, chucks, and thermal plates is a thermal block or sample plate for heating and cooling
  • Built from aluminum, silver, or ceramic depending on the intended temperature range
  • Embedded with heating elements and liquid nitrogen cooling channels as well as temperature sensors to provide the most precise thermal control for the sample

SAMPLING AREA

  • The sample area of the heating block is the effective area over which the set temperature is maintained
  • Typically flat to heat and cool samples from the bottom, but can be designed to accommodate samples of different dimensions
  • Sample surfaces can be made with/without a transmission aperture
  • Chuck surfaces can be made with vacuum grooves for securely fixing samples
  • Place samples directly on the surface, on or in the arm of the XY positioning mechanism, or in custom-built holders

 

SAMPLE POSITIONING

  • Position samples anywhere within the sampling area for fast in situ adjustments
  • Precisely align specific sample features in optical paths
  • Consists of a thin metal square or circular looped arm that extends over part of the sample area
  • Arm is controlled externally by Vernier dials with 10mm of travel in two dimensions
  • Greater flexibility, sample area accessibility, and precision control in moving the sample inside the chamber than in moving the stage on the microscope
  • XY positioning is optimal for use with a rotational stage on a polarizing microscope due to the directional nature of polarization

FRAME & OUTER COVER

  • Solid lightweight aluminum construction for some models
  • Cover edge slides easily under beveled lip in the frame and cover is held securely in place with spring-loaded screws, for some models

CHAMBER HEIGHT & INNER COVER

  • The chamber height is the distance between the top surface of the thermal block and the bottom surface of the outer cover, when inner cover is present 
  • This distance is minimized in design to allow for just enough height for intended samples (slides, slipcovers, wafer pieces, and any clamps or probes) and to decrease the minimum objective working distance
  • Some stages feature a removable inner cover with a separate built-in window
  • The inner cover significantly reduces vertical temperature gradients

SAMPLE LOADING

  • Some models feature convenient sample side loading and unloading without opening stage covers
  • Some models feature covers configurable to swing or pivot from any single corner for quick sample access

MOUNTING

  • Various mounting adaptors are available for all most all microscope models, or other instruments
  • Vertical mounting is possible for almost all Instec stages, for horizontal beam access to the samples 

 

GAS PURGING & VACUUM PORTS

  • Some models feature gas purging capability
  • Either port can be input or output for purging gas flow
  • Some models feature vacuum capability
  • Two ports allow one to be used for pumping and the other for a pressure gauge

FRAME COOLING

  • For some models, the integrated frame cooling dissipates heat and allows the frame to remain cool or warm to the touch

LIQUID NITROGEN COOLING

  • Integrated liquid nitrogen cooling on some models allows precision thermal control down to -190C
  • Different LN2 pump options are available 
  • Different Dewar sizes are available 

 

THERMAL CONTROL

STATIC OPERATION

  • In normal operation the controller uses a PID algorithm to adjust heating power and cooling pumping flow to maintain the current temperature

RAMP OPERATION

  • To ramp to a user-defined target temperature TT at a specified ramp rate R from a current temperature TC, the controller calculates a target temperature profile
  • The controller then adjusts the heating power and cooling pumping flow to achieve the target temperature profile
  • In a real system, the wiring, a sample on the heating block, and the surrounding atmosphere are thermal loads that dissipate power
  • Electrical and thermal inertia can result in short time delays in electrical and thermal responses and in achieving stability in the target temperature
  • Faster ramp rates can result in greater overshooting of target temperatures because of thermal inertia
  • Overshoot and delay can never be eliminated fully in a real system, but can be minimized by using the slowest ramp rate possible for the process

 

SAMPLE COOLING

  • To achieve below ambient temperatures an active cooling system is necessary: a recirculating water chiller or a liquid nitrogen cooling system
  • Active cooling has the advantage over passive cooling to allow fast experiment cycling

FRAME COOLING SYSTEMS

  • Frame cooling option with recirculating chiller allows thermal control of frame independent of sample thermal block
  • Keeps frame safe to touch and prevents frost buildup on windows

 

LIQUID NITROGEN COOLING SYSTEMS

  • Liquid nitrogen systems provide sample cooling to as low as -190°C depending on pump power and thermal block size
  • Systems consist of a pump, a Dewar, a lid with a stoppered port for refilling during operation, and connecting tubing
  • Three liquid nitrogen pump output options available, LN2-P2, LN2-P4, and LN2-P8, which suction liquid nitrogen through the equipment and are controlled by the mK2000
  • Three Dewar sizes, 2 L, 10 L, and 30 L, with easy refillable lid options to control liquid nitrogen supply to instruments
  • Integrates with mK2000 PID controller with ±0.1% resolution

LIQUID NITROGEN SYSTEM MINIMUM TEMPERATURES

 
LN2-P2
LN2-P4
LN2-P8
STAGES
  • HCS302/302G/402
-100°C
-190°C
-190°C
  • HCS321Gi
-60°C
-70°C
-80°C
  • HCS621G/421V
-160°C
-190°C
-190°C
  • HCS622G/422V
-100°C
-190°C
-190°C
  • FS1
NA
-60°C
-190°C
  • CLM77K/CLM77Ki
NA
-190°C
-190°C
CHUCKS & PLATES
  • 100mm square or round
-40°C
-60°C
-120°C
  • 150mm square or round
-20°C
-40°C
-100°C
  • 200mm square or round
NA
-30°C
-80°C
  • 300mm square or round
NA
-20°C
-60°C
  • HCC602
-120°C
-170°C
-190°C

 

OPTICAL FEATURES

TOP & BOTTOM WINDOWS

  • All stages feature a top aperture and many stages feature a transmission aperture and a bottom window
  • The top viewing window consists of an opening in the top cover and the bottom window consists of an opening in the bottom frame
  • Top and bottom windows are secured with a flat rubber O-ring on the interior side and a metal screwing retaining ring on the exterior side
  • The top and bottom aperture magnitude is the effective diameter of the window, limited on the outer edge by the retaining ring and the rubber O-ring
  • This aperture magnitude is typically 4 mm less than the window disc diameter
  • Different window sizes are available as options. 
  • Removable and interchangeable windows accommodate the full spectrum of light sources and techniques
  • Heat loss scales with window area. Windows are circular and sized according to application to balance maximum viewing angle and minimum heat loss

 

OPTICAL PATH

  • The optical path on stages is through a top viewing window, a transmission aperture in the block, and a bottom window
  • The top viewing angle is the maximum angle made from the edges of the window retaining ring and the center of the thermal block top surface
  • The top viewing angle depends on the chamber height and the window diameter
  • The top viewing angle is double the angle from normal
  • The transmission aperture is the minimum diameter of the cylindrical hole through the heating block
  • Standard transmission aperture is 2 mm diameter with options of 5 mm or 8 mm diameters
  • The transmission angle is the maximum angle made from the edges of the transmission aperture and the center of the thermal block bottom surface

 

OBJECTIVE & CONDENSER

  • The minimum objective working distance is the distance between the top surface of the thermal block and the outer surface of the viewing window
  • Sample height reduces the minimum objective working distance
  • If the actual objective working distance is less than the minimum working distance, a focused image is not achieved
  • Removing the outer windows results in shorter working distances, but compromises sample thermal isolation and risks exposing the lenses to damaging heat
  • The minimum condenser working distance is the distance between the bottom surface of the thermal block and the outer surface of the bottom window
  • Longer working distance condensers are necessary to focus images through the thermal block using Kohler illumination in modern microscopes

 

INTEGRATED WINDOW DEFROST

  • Some models feature top viewing window defrost mechanism for use with inert or dry gas supply
  • One option is an integrated channel in the top cover with a hose port
  • Another option is an externally mounted hose holder that allows easy positioning of the hose tip anywhere on the window